サウジ皇太子が死去

私がチェックした情報の中では、7月9日に死んでいた(笑)。

サウジ王室は、国王の世代が高齢なので、とりあえず年功序列で誰かを後任に任命するかもしれないが、近いうちに一気に世代交代する。雰囲気が随分変わるだろう。若い世代が変えようとして、社会のあちこちをいじくりだすわけだが、そうしているうちに枠組みが崩れたりする。10年後くらいに面白いものを見ることができるかもしれません。

文中にさりげなく、「シリアみたいに改革を急ぐと、国内が混乱して流血事態に発展するから、サウジ人はゆっくり改革するのがいいと考えている」と書いてある。シリアは改革を急いでいるのではなく、米欧の悪意ある圧力で急がされているというのが正しい。これも西側の捏造報道の一種。



Crown Prince Sultan dies
http://arabnews.com/saudiarabia/article521832.ece
By ARAB NEWS
Published: Oct 22, 2011 07:45 Updated: Oct 22, 2011 21:44

RIYADH: Crown Prince Sultan, deputy premier and minister of defense and aviation, died on Saturday, the Royal Court said in a statement. He was in his eighties.

(omitted)



Saudi king to hold historic vote
Saudi Arabia's absolute monarch will make an historic concession to the principle of the ballot in coming days as a special council votes for the first time on who should succeed him as ruler.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/8843518/Saudi-king-to-hold-historic-vote.html
By Colin Freeman, Chief Foreign Correspondent
6:19PM BST 22 Oct 2011

The move follows the announcement yesterday of the death of 87-year-old King Abdullah's half-brother, 80-year-old Crown Prince Sultan, who was until now his nominated successor.

The man now expected to become heir to the throne is Prince Nayef, 78, another half-brother of King Abdullah who currently serves as interior minister in the oil-rich nation.

While the prospect of one ageing Arab prince taking over from another may scarcely rank alongside the upheavals elsewhere in the Middle East this year, one aspect of the reshuffle will show that even Saudi Arabia – the most conservative of all Arab nations - is cautiously embracing change.

For the first time, King Abdullah is expected to seek approval for his choice of heir from the Allegiance Council, a body he set up himself to make the royal family's complex and opaque succession procedure more transparent.

Composed of the 34 branches of the ruling family, the council's members can either vote to confirm the king's choice or nominate their own candidate.

In practice, the council, which is expected to meet in coming days, is unlikely to dissent from the king's choice of Prince Nayef, a man not previously noted as an enthusiastic reformer. A close ally of the country's hard-line clergy, he is on the record as opposing women being granted the right to vote or drive, and his accession to the throne will be unwelcome to those seeking to put the country on a more liberal path.

However, with King Abdullah himself now in poor health - he was in hospital himself in Riyadh yesterday, a week after having surgery for recurring back problems - Prince Nayef's time as ruler may well be imminent.

Yesterday, as Saudi television broadcast Koranic verses to mark Prince Sultan's death, political analysts said they did not expect the change in accession to prompt calls for quicker reform among the country's 27 million people.

"The demand for reform is there, but there is no pressure for it to come immediately," Jeddah-based analyst Mustafa Alani, of the Gulf Research Centre, told The Sunday Telegraph.

"The Saudi people have been looking at what has been going on in Yemen, Libya and Syria and they don't want that kind of chaos and bloodshed. They prefer evolution, not revolution, and things being done quietly and slowly. It might not be ideal policy, but it's safe."

The official handling of Crown Prince Sultan's passing was typical of the Saudi state's taciturn handling of public affairs. An announcement said he had simply died at dawn on Saturday "outside the kingdom following an illness". Diplomats, however, said the prince, formerly Saudi's defence minister, had passed away from colon cancer in New York, where he had often had medical treatment. One source added that he had been hooked up to life support systems and had actually been declared "clinically dead" more than a month ago. A funeral service is expected on Tuesday.

Prince Nayef, who has been interior minister since 1975, was appointed second-deputy prime minister in 2009, a position usually given to whoever is third-in-line to rule. He has often managed the kingdom's day-to-day affairs during absences of both the king and crown prince.

In the wake of the 9-11 attacks, he caused controversy by expressing doubts that Saudi militants had played a key role, saying that Osama bin Laden's network had no foothold in his country and suggesting that Jews were to blame instead. Subsequently, though, as the kingdom began suffering its own al-Qaeda terrorist attacks, he led a tough security crackdown, forcing the movement to relocate to neighbouring Yemen.

His grooming as the man to take over Saudi Arabia has dismayed the country's small liberal and reformist movement, who want accelerated change in the wake of the "Arab Spring". Others, though, point out that King Abdullah himself was a staunch conservative when he came to power in 1995, but has since proved to be reform-minded by Saudi standards.

The kingdom has avoided the kind of mass street protests that have convulsed the rest of the Middle East this year, with the few that have taken place encountering a heavy security response. Khaled al-Johani, a religious teacher who took part in a so-called "Day of Rage" protest last March, remains in jail after shouting: "We need democracy, we need freedom."

Last month, though, King Abdullah announced that women would be given the right to vote and run in future municipal elections. Women have also been openly taking to the wheel of their husbands' cars to protest at the continuing driving ban.

Elsewhere in the Middle East yesterday, the United Nations Security Council called for Yemen's president Ali Abdullah Saleh to immediately accept a deal to transfer power to his deputy and end escalating violence there.

Critics, though, claimed the council should have distanced itself from a deal by the Gulf Cooperation Council for Saleh to step down in exchange for immunity, saying he should now face criminal charges for unleashing snipers on protesters.

In happier circumstances, vote counting was under way in polls for a new constitutional assembly in Tunisia, in what was billed as first major election contest of the Arab Spring. To the alarm of some secularists, the Islamist Ennahda party was predicted to win up to 30 percent of the vote.

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