シリア:経済的苦境に悩むデモ参加者たち

ホムス県農村部(市街地から北西方向の山岳地帯で、反抗的な部族の拠点)に住むある女性は、一族郎党が「虐殺者を倒すまでアンズもリンゴも要らない」というスローガンを掲げて毎日デモに繰り出ている。実は特産のアンズは今が収穫時期で、夏収穫のリンゴも実を付け始めているのに、農作業は放置している。今年は農業収入が期待できないので、預金を取り崩して生活することになりそう。

政府が最近決めたディーゼル油への補助金追加(価格引き下げ)の効果については、値段が下がることは良いことだが、海外から農産物が輸入されるようになったので、以前より競争が激しいし、農家としては農産物の価格が下がるので、あまり嬉しくない(お前が要求したことを真っ先に実現してやったのに、なんでこういうことを言うかね)。消費者にとってはいいことだ。何よりもデモを始めてから人の動きが止まったのが困る。

縫製工場の研究所で働く別の男性は、国内消費が落ち込んで赤字なので、別の仕事を探して欲しいと告げられた。

政情不安から、人々がシリアの銀行から預金を引き出し、湾岸アラブの銀行に預け替えている。庶民は引き出した預金を外貨や金に換えている。中央銀行は預金金利を上げることでシリポン下落を抑制している。経済筋によると、(大統領の従兄弟で大金持ちの)ラーミー・マフルーフが、海外から預金を国内に移し、管理を政府に一任しているという(これはEUの対シリア制裁に引っかかったから、大慌てで国内に送金したという話だろう・笑)。

とはいえ、今なお圧倒的多数のビジネスマンは体制を支持しており、「誘惑(外国の陰謀)に負けるな」「大統領の改革支持」といった看板を町中にあふれさせている。政治と財界の癒着は、エジプト流の悪いコピーを見ているようだ。

アレッポが反体制活動に参加しないのは、何週間も前にハマーの商人がアレッポ製品の不買運動を始めたら(??解釈が逆だろう)。ホムスのすぐ北にある小さな町タルビーセは、デモの最初でまずホムスからアレッポに向かう幹線道路を占領して検問し、アレッポに向かう車を見つけると「ペッ」とつばを吐く。(田舎者が考えつくことといったらもう・・・苦笑)。

対立は、体制派と反体制派の間だけに限らない。家庭内で、デモに参加した弟が兄から「裏切り者」と罵倒されるケースもある。

(偏差値の低そうなこの人たちが、自分は戦う敵を間違えていると気付くのはいつだろう?笑)



Syrians chanted: «No apricot and apple .. Even drops killer »and pulled their money from banks
Agricultural crops are threatened .. And fears of the collapse of the lira

http://www.aawsat.com/details.asp?section=4&article=624336&issueno=11872
2011.05.31
Damascus - London: «Middle East»

While screaming citizenship «Free Syria» in the women's demonstration: «No apricot apple does not .. Even drops assassin », the official Syrian authorities assert that life is going normal and regular movement of markets and prices to decline.

«Free Syria» pseudonym chosen by the young woman from the rural province of Homs, to be the name on the front in the «Facebook», and «Syria» says she went out Friday «Protectors of the Homeland» in the women's demonstration and she cried: «do not apple apricot not .. Even drops assassin », referring to the most important Zraotain in small hometown, and confirmed that her family and all their relatives who toiled in the demonstrations neglected agriculture. «Apricot solution later reap the fruit, and apples on the doors, but they do not deem good seasons this year in what the regime did not fall».

In the chat that «Facebook» show «Syria» that farming has been severely damaged over the past five years due to unjust economic policies pursued by the government to lift subsidies on fuel, and open the door to the importation of fruits. But what after reducing the price of diesel this pain is reflected on the improvement of agriculture?. The «Free Syria»: «certainly will ease the burden on farmers but on the other hand the current situation stopped the export of fruits and vegetables and the Syrian prices have fallen dramatically, and thus did not benefit the farmer a lot, low price, which will benefit citizens but we must not forget that the labor movement generally semi-paralyzed» .

Hassan (34 years), an employee at a laboratory in garments sector in particular, said that the owner of the plant «tell them the need to seek other job opportunities may be forced to reduce the number of workers, no conduct sufficient goods in the domestic market and as such, loss» and continues Hassan that except household items basic, such as food and medicine there is no movement to buy, people «in a state of anticipation and anxiety» He continued: «penny from him is careful not to spend it».

This situation has prompted the big traders to pull their money from the Syrian banks, and converted to Gulf banks, but ordinary citizens stood a large number of them to withdraw their deposits from banks and convert them into foreign currencies or gold, for fear of the collapse of the lira, which is striven Syrian government to prevent.

During the last three months authorities have to take some action to support the lira, and to encourage civil society organizations and business owners have to do campaigns, popular for this purpose, such as urging the Syrian citizens to open accounts for them in Syrian banks public, even if a thousand pounds Syria, about ($ 20), holds the means local media and the transfer of proceedings as a national event. According to economic sources, the businessman Rami Makhlouf, a cousin of the President to withdraw his money from abroad and placed at the disposal of the Syrian government.

And still the largest number of businessmen of Syrian loyalists to the regime, support the survival through the funding of media and advertising campaigns urging the Syrian street to «prevent sedition», and the selection through the «reform led by President Bashar al-Assad», through billboards and banners fill the streets. Reveal these steps on the other hand for the close alliance between the wealthy Syrians and the regime, a coalition based on partnership in the business, as they accuse the Syrian opposition, the Syrian government that over the past years has worked to tailor laws to measure the layer men's money, which belongs mostly to the children of former and current officials, held a business partnerships with traditional merchant class of any alliance «corruption and money with the authority of power» as was the case in Egypt, but they see the Syrian regime «bad copy» for the Egyptian regime.

This alliance has succeeded so far in controlling the protests taking place in the capital city of Aleppo, Syria «business», and returned this coalition to remain in the protests in the capital Damascus in the isolated and limited areas of certain neighborhoods. Lack of involvement of Aleppo in the protest movement was the reason for the city of Hama dealers a few weeks ago to boycott the goods of Aleppo, with many of the payment obligations for traders of Aleppo, also called on militants in the pages of the Revolution to the Syrian province of Aleppo. The novelty of the most, is what has been said about the people stuck at the start of the protests and the establishment of a roadblock international Homs - Hama - Aleppo, and parking going to Aleppo, and spit on them.

The regime wage strongly on the layer of traders and industrialists, who are part of it, and also a layer of workers and employees in the State, grouped in the ruling Baath Party, and show that the failure of the calls for a general strike, which was achieved partly in the city of Homs, Hama, and Daraa, and some of the hotbeds of mass protests .

Whatever said the official media that the normal life and go normally, and offered photographs of the people in markets and gardens, this and despite his health apparently does not negate the state of anxiety experienced by the Syrians in three months, and fear of the way anonymous, which runs the regime by insisting on the besieged city with tanks and leaving the items Security and al-Shabbihah commit heinous crimes they do not find any explanation, as Erabhm great rift between supporters and opponents of his regime, starting from co-workers, friends and does not end when the sons of the same family. Hussein, wrote on his: «I do not believe only in God and the homeland, however my brother accused me of treason because I went out in a demonstration».

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