ラーミー・マフルーフ失脚 シリア

イスラエルがシリア国内にあるイラン拠点を執拗に空爆したあと、イスラエル情報部(の一部)からイランがシリアから兵を撤退させているとする分析が出されたが、米国は兵の移動が観察されるだけで、イランの戦略に何ら変化はないと分析した。

バッシャール・アサド大統領が就任してから二人三脚で歩んできたラーミー・マフルーフRami Makhloufが、シリアの腐敗撲滅キャンペーンの餌食となり、失脚した。政府が彼の側近を逮捕した。

ラーミーは、大統領に善処をお願いする動画をFacebookにアップした。背景は、何の装飾もないがらんとした石の部屋で、明らかに困った表情を示している。

この動画を巡り、米国陣営の諸国からいくつかの憶測(長くてごちゃごちゃした以下の記事)が流されているが、ロシア、イラン、シリアのトライアングルが崩れてくれればいいなぁという願望が最初にありきの分析(というか駄文)になっていて、たぶん彼らが期待する結果にはならないだろう。2011年にそうだったように。

少し別件で、PFLPがイランの傘下に入ったという記事あり。本質的にクリスチャンの組織がシーア派に保護を求めるのは時代の流れ。



Iran-backed militias shuffled around Syria after airstrikes - report
The move comes after a series of airstrikes targeted Deir Ezzor, Aleppo, Damascus and the Homs Governorate.
By TZVI JOFFRE
MAY 11, 2020 10:50
https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/iran-backed-militias-shuffled-around-syria-after-airstrikes-627605

Iran praises Palestinian PFLP for commemorating Soleimani on Quds Day
Recent praise and PFLP work with Tehran in Lebanon may point to increased Iranian support for the group.
By SETH J. FRANTZMAN
MAY 10, 2020 11:13
https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/iran-news/iran-praises-palestinian-pflp-for-commemorating-soleimani-on-quds-day-627524

Iran leaving Syria? Not so fast, says US Syria envoy
Reports from Israel last week indicated that some believe Iran is reducing its role.
By SETH J. FRANTZMAN
MAY 8, 2020 23:23
https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/iran-leaving-syria-not-so-fast-says-us-syria-envoy-627410

Misinformation and leaks: The love-hate Russia-Iran relationship in Syria
We will never fully know what Iran and Russia actually think of Assad or each other’s historic role in Syria.
By SETH J. FRANTZMAN
MAY 7, 2020 20:11
https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/misinformation-and-leaks-the-love-hate-russia-iran-relationship-in-syria-627293

The Rami Makhlouf saga poses a dangerous challenge for Assad
May 6, 2020
Danny Makki
https://www.mei.edu/publications/rami-makhlouf-saga-poses-dangerous-challenge-assad

Putin turns against Assad and Iran
Author
Baria Alamuddin
May 10, 2020 20:35
https://www.arabnews.com/node/1672751


A hard lesson for Rami Makhlouf: In Syria, no one can challenge the state
Kamal Alam
Published date: 8 May 2020 10:41 UTC
https://www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/hard-lesson-makhlouf-syria-no-one-can-challenge-state

This is what the sudden fall of Syrian businessman Rami Makhlouf, the cousin of Bashar al-Assad, means
After each internal conflict in Syria, there has been a shift of power – and this is a serious change in the dynamics of the ruling class in Damascus, writes Robert Fisk
Thursday 7 May 2020 15:20
https://www.independent.co.uk/independentpremium/voices/syria-putin-assad-russia-rami-makhlouf-isis-syrian-war-a9503081.html

Syria: Major schism over control emerges within Assad family

Syrian tycoon Rami Makhlouf has publicly hit out at Assad's seizure of his businesses, exposing a rift in the elite's control over the country. Is Russian pressure forcing a change in the ruling family's order?
https://www.dw.com/en/syria-major-schism-over-control-emerges-within-assad-family/a-53341744
Date 05.05.2020
Author Tom Allinson
https://www.dw.com/en/syria-major-schism-over-control-emerges-within-assad-family/a-53341744

Why did Assad family sideline Syrian billionaire?
by Merve Şebnem Oruç
Columns
May 09, 2020 12:05 am GMT+3
by Merve Şebnem Oruç
https://www.dailysabah.com/opinion/columns/why-did-assad-family-sideline-syrian-billionaire

Putin turns against Assad and Iran
Author
Baria Alamuddin
May 10, 2020 20:35
https://www.arabnews.com/node/1672751

サウジ 生活費支給を停止、消費税5→15%に引き上げ 6月1日から コロナ

コロナ→経済活動停止→原油売れない→油価下落と負のスパイラルに陥っているサウジ。財務省は11日、6月1日から生活費支給を停止し、また消費税を5%から15%に引き上げると突然発表した。

ARAMCO上場で集まるはずだったカネも集まらず、踏んだり蹴ったりのサウジアラビア。さあ新中東地図が現実のものとなるかどうか注目です。



Saudi Arabia suspending cost of living allowance, raising VAT to mitigate economic impact of COVID-19 crisis
Arab News
May 11, 2020 04:45


RIYADH: Saudi Arabia is suspending the cost of living allowance and increasing the value-added tax (VAT) as part of measures to address the impact of the COVID-19 crisis, the Saudi Press Agency (SPA) reported on Monday.

“Cost of living allowance will be suspended as of June first, and the value added tax will be increased to 15% from 5% as of July first,” SPA said, citing statement of the Ministry of Finance.

Finance Minister Mohammed Al-Jadaan said the twin measures are part of efforts to shore up state finances, which have been battered by low oil prices and the coronavirus crisis.

Al-Jadaan warned last week that Saudi Arabia would have to take "strict and painful measures" to deal with the twin impact of coronavirus pandemic and falling world oil prices.

“We must reduce budget expenditures sharply,” Al-Jadaan said, adding that some government projects may be slowed down to reduce expenditure.

“Current actions taken to date to cut spending are not enough, and Saudi public finances will need more control and the journey ahead is long," he said.

The pandemic has wrecked the global economy, leaving millions out of work, with the US alone reporting more than 20 million people becoming unemployed in April.

Worldwide, the COVID-19 has infected more than 4.18 million people as of early Monday, with the death toll surging to 283,000 since the coronavirus was first detected in Wuhan, China last December.

In Saudi Arabia, the number of infections rose to 39,048 as of Sunday, of which 27,345 were active cases and 11,457 have recovered.

The Health Ministry reported 7 new deaths on Sunday, all expatriates, raising the death toll to 246.