シリア石油省:原油・石油製品に対する制裁は効果なし

ヨーロッパがシリア産原油を買わず、米欧社がシリアに対して石油製品を売らないという制裁が検討されているが、シリアに対しては効果がない。

シリアは石油製品の75%以上を自給している。輸入依存率はガソリンが20%以下、ディーゼルが25%、重油が15%以下である。最近では天然ガスが増産されている。

禁輸措置が取られた場合は、対処法が3つある。石油製品に余剰のある友好国と、シリア産原油をバーターする。制裁が短期間ならば、友好国の精油所に有料で原油精製を依頼する。制裁が長期間ならば、ロシア、中国のような友好国と、原油精製の長期契約を結ぶ。

こうした契約は、シリア原油の販売価格を少し下げ、原油製品の買い取り価格を少し高くするだけで、簡単に成立するのである。その際、シリア国内の販売価格は少し上げることになるが、一部でささやかれているような制裁効果は、シリアに対しては全くない。



Ministry of Oil: the impact of U.S. sanctions and European limited
http://www.aksalser.com/index.php?page=view_news&id=d8502de75bf3a2fca3e6a0f5715a2d22&ar=671265491
Monday - August 22 - 2011 - 8:54:34

The Ministry of Oil said the impact of U.S. and European sanctions would be limited, and will damage some European companies producing oil to these companies as a share of production.

And according to the newspaper "al-Thawrah", figures and the Ministry of Oil to Syria produces more than 75% of the needs of oil derivatives and the quantity of imported gasoline less than 20% of domestic consumption, as much an importer of diesel to 25%, and for fuel at least 15% and the number to decrease with the addition of new quantities of gas.

And confirms the expert on the marketing of oil that any deficit in any of the derivatives can rationalize simple to break, and can deal with the export of surplus production of the Syrian oil according to several options, such as resorting to swap crude oil with derivatives oil with one of the countries that have good relations with Syria, or to enter into Syria signed an agreement with a foreign refinery to refine Syrian crude oil, and turn it into oil products and pay the cost, or that Syria is the conclusion of long-term contracts with friendly countries such as Russia and China to Astjerar Syrian oil and providing Syria with derivatives, which an option may be of the best options if the European countries decided the position of the oil sanctions on Syria.

And is the option most damage to the oil sector Syrian continue to Syria in the sale of crude through direct contracts for non-US companies, European, and in this case is subject oil to poor conditions for negotiations, for example, instead of selling a barrel to $ 107 depending on world prices can be sold at $ 100, corresponds to when buy derivatives in the event of need may buy Syrian products at higher prices for example, instead of 42.5 for the price of diesel at current prices can be purchased with 45 Syrian pounds, and this will increase the burden of supporting the oil derivatives, or pay a government to raise the prices of some petroleum products.

And will be the impact of sanctions, if applied to a very limited and will not be a significant impact if the sanctions period short, and this requires that the state control of smuggling once and beaten with an iron hand, and also the need of the citizens of rationalization as possible because the effect will prevail and will not be limited to the state, as some people think.

The surplus production from Syrian oil equivalent to about 120 thousand barrels per day out of 384 thousand barrels, while the rest is repeated locally.

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