シリアとベラルーシが水面下で進める軍事協力

アサド大統領がベラルーシを訪問し、民生部門の経済協力協定に調印したが、一番重要な軍事協力については一切報道に現れなかった。主たる合意事項は公表されず、表出したものは補填にすぎない。

NATOとの戦線に近いベラルーシには、冷戦時代に貯め込んだ武器弾薬が沢山残っており、ベラルーシは売りさばきたいと考えている。ベラルーシには兵器工場もあり、製造、ソ連製兵器のアップグレードなどもできる。2008年にはMig-23をシリアに売却した。

シリアが表明した関税同盟(ロシア、ベラルーシ、カザフスタン)への加盟は、法的には阻害事項はないが、実際には道のりは長い。シリア国内法を、関税同盟の憲章の全てに準拠させなければならないからだ。



Belarus and Syria to hide weapons in buses
/ / Military-technical cooperation is masked by the economic

www.kommersant.ru/doc.aspx?DocsID=1476811
Kommersant »№ 135 (4435) on 07/28/2010
1 of 4

Syrian President Bashar Assad yesterday concluded its two day visit to Belarus, signed several agreements on bilateral cooperation. In particular, Belarus plans to work in Syria build buses MAZ. Understanding on the development of military-technical cooperation remained behind the scenes, although we know that Syria is one of the main buyers of Belarusian arms. Only since early this year, the parties exchanged several delegations, the issues being discussed PTS. This is a serious concern in the West, where refer Syria to the countries supporting terrorism.

"Recently, we have made considerable progress in trade-economic and political spheres, but it's nothing compared to what we can do, - said President Alexander Lukashenko during a meeting with his Syrian counterpart Bashar Assad, Syria .- If interested in something that in Belarus, we are ready to work on these issues.

Syrians already interested in buses MAZ. During the talks it was decided to establish an assembly of buses from Belarus parts to Syria. The parties also signed agreements on cooperation in higher education, agriculture and even in remote-sensing satellites. But observers say the agreement made public only a supplement, while "protection" contracts, bringing Belarus real money - namely, the agreements for the sale of weapons.

In recent months was marked by a major intensification in this area. The parties exchanged several delegations engaged in discussing the subject ICDs, including at the level of foreign ministers. A 25-30 April in Damascus hosted a meeting of the joint Belarusian-Syrian commission for military cooperation. As the then Syrian media following the meeting of the parties "reached an agreement on all issues of cooperation between the military-industrial complexes and the armed forces of the two countries."

According to experts, Damascus intends to continue to purchase in Belarus small arms, mortars and ammunition, including rockets. "After the collapse of the Soviet Union in Belarus remain significant stocks of military equipment and munitions stockpiled in case of war with the NATO - explained to Kommersant director of Center for Analysis of the global arms trade Igor Korotchenko .- Minsk is the number of weapons to anything, and it continues to be actively sold out" . According to Kommersant director of Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, Ruslan Pukhov, Syria is also interested in products of the Minsk Wheel Tractor Plant, and would like to use the potential of the Belarusian defense enterprises for repairing and upgrading military equipment of Soviet manufacture. Experts believe that Damascus is going to continue to purchase in Belarus aircraft. Of the latter, important bilateral contracts in the UN Register of Conventional Arms means that in 2008, Belarus supplied to Syria 33 MiG-23.

Meanwhile, close military cooperation with Damascus Minsk is a persistent irritation in the West, where Syria are countries supporting terrorism. In the U.S. and Israel claim to have irrefutable evidence that part of Syria, Bashar Assad regime procured weapons smuggled fighters of the radical Lebanese group Hezbollah. Only six months ago the U.S. Congress passed an act on the integration of the Belarusian arms. The document obliged the U.S. State Department annual report to Congress on the "volumes and the mechanisms of export of arms and related services by the Government of Belarus and Belarusian enterprises, including the proceeds from such transactions." In this regard, the current visit of Syrian leader in Minsk could seriously aggravate the already difficult relations between Minsk and the West.

Apparently realizing this, Alexander Lukashenko, took care that the military component of the visit left behind the scenes, focusing on cooperation in peaceful spheres. He carefully played up to the president of Syria, which, like Belarus, is trying to withdraw from the international isolation and for which therefore so important friendship with Minsk. Building on success, Bashar al-Assad made a surprise announcement - he said the desire to Damascus to join the Customs Union. "We want your support in the issue of joining the Free Trade Area of Byelorussia, Russia and Kazakhstan, as this will promote trade and economic relations of Syria with all three countries," - said Mr. Assad.

"There are no legal barriers to the entry of Syria into the Customs Union no. But such a proposal, of course, should be the subject of very careful analysis," - said in this regard, "Kommersant" Press Secretary to the Prime Minister Dmitry Peskov. However, experts believe that in practice this does not feasible, at least in the foreseeable future. After accession to the Customs Union country must first become a member of the EEC and for this purpose to bring its legislation in different areas in accordance with the charter of this association, but it is a long and complicated process.

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