ロシアの関税同盟にシリア、ベトナムなども参加検討

ロシア、カザフ、ベラルーシで始まり、スイス、ノルウェー、シリア、ベトナム、モンテネグロが参加検討中。

シリアは非米国・非EUの経済関係を非常に重視していて、地中海沿岸の国なのに対EU貿易比率が低い。日本人だったら気にも止めない関係の一つひとつを重視して積み上げた結果。



The Customs Union will become the gateway to the markets of third countries

www.naviny.by/rubrics/economic/2010/07/16/ic_articles_113_168586/
Andrew KOZHEMIAKIN 07.16.2010 / 9:22 / Economics Views: 877 Discuss

Belarusian goods will be provided duty-free access to the markets of third countries. The countries of the Customs Union received proposals from a number of States to conclude free trade agreements.

Customs Union represents a single customs territory "Belarus alone was involved in this process from last year. This is one of the directions for the removal of barriers to developing country markets, where there are high tariffs. However, the market with a total population of 10 million is not such a tasty morsel, as the market of 170 million ", - said on July 15 at the summit of exporting enterprises in Minsk, the representative of the Department of Foreign Economic Affairs of Ministry of Foreign Affairs Dmitri Fomchenko.

According to him, talks now about the signing of agreements with Belarus is Russia and Kazakhstan. Such work is already underway with the countries of the European Free Trade Association, in particular, with Switzerland and Norway. Preliminary consultation. It is expected that the fall will begin full-scale negotiations on the subject.

Also, the Customs Union countries are negotiating free trade with Syria, Vietnam, planned to sign an agreement with Montenegro. Received a proposal from New Zealand.

"The signing of the agreements provide virtually unrestricted access for goods from both countries, the Customs Union to the markets of developing countries, and in the opposite direction. Of course, not be without exceptions for sensitive products, both for us and for our partners in the Customs Union. But the bulk of the goods will be delivered free of duty "- Foreign Ministry spokesman said.

In Belarus in the framework of the customs of three, as you know, until everything is smooth. This concerns not only Russia levying duties on oil and petroleum products, and other restrictive barriers. That's Russia, as previously reported by the Foreign Ministry, is applying to the Belarusian products more than 90% of all restrictive measures - 21 of 28 applied to our goods by all countries.

For example, the Foreign Ministry believes that Russia has created unequal competitive conditions for the Belarusian manufacturers participating in the tender procurement system. There is also a restriction of access of Belarusian products to the Russian system of public procurement in terms of setting price preference of 15% only for the suppliers of Russian goods. These preferences apply only to a limited list of Belarusian goods.

But, as stressed by D. Fomchenko, none of the measures are not applied exclusively to the Belarusian products, and applies to all countries. The Russian market is closed for many imported goods. Belarus, in turn, is interested to have access conditions along with Russian enterprises.

As part of the customs union set up a special group of experts is working on removing these restrictions. In addition, within the Common Economic Space, signing of a big package of agreements that will include questions and procurement, and competition, and subsidies, both in industry and in the agricultural sector.

Despite these barriers, in January-May exports of Belarusian products in Russia, according to Belstat, increased by 51,4% - up to 3 billion 633 million dollars. Of the total exports to Russia accounted for 39.4%, other CIS countries - 13,3%, EU countries - 30,2%, other countries - 17,1%.

"The work being done in terms of diversifying our foreign economic activity, does not imply a mass exodus of the Russian Federation. This market will remain for us a number of key positions. But one should always have a backup site, "- said Foreign Ministry spokesman.

As a backup export platform well established itself Ukrainian market. 5 months in exports to Ukraine increased by 60,3% - up to 833 million dollars. According to D. Fomchenko, "between Belarus and Ukraine has a free trade regime with no exemptions. In a world few such examples.

While in trade with Ukraine is not without restrictive barriers. Thus, Ukraine uses three anti-dumping measures (to fiberboards, artificial fur and pile fabrics and canvas compressor). In addition, there are two special safeguard measures on imports of matches and steel pipes. However, a year ago restrictive measures against Belarusian products on the Ukrainian market was twice as much.

As noted by D. Fomchenko, in the near future the Belarusian side expects the termination of antidumping investigation against the Belarusian tires and resolve the situation regarding access to the Belarusian market of Ukrainian beer.

Recall, the Foreign Ministry on the initiative "Belgospischeproma" in May this year began an antidumping investigation against the Ukrainian beer. According to the Belarusian side, the import of Ukrainian beer in Belarus in 2007 amounted to about 17,6 thousand liters in the amount of 7,36 million dollars in 2008 - about 42,4 thousand liters to more than 17 million dollars in 2009 - 42.76 thousand liters to 16,6 million dollars. The average price of beer, imports from other countries in 2009 exceeded the prices of Ukrainian beer at 48,7%.

This allowed the Ukrainian beer to increase the share in the Belarusian market for three years from 18,7% to 32,6%, while the Belarusian producers have reduced the market share from 32,4% to 28,9%, and their stocks have increased by 17 %.

According to some sources, are considered two ways to resolve the issue. Ukrainian brewers will have to either restrict the supply of its products to the Belarusian market, or to pay anti-dumping duty of 11,5%.

As stressed by D. Fomchenko, "we expect to achieve with our Ukrainian partners mutually acceptable agreements that did not supply products at low prices, and does not harm the Belarusian producers. We expect that in July and August relevant agreement will be furnished in writing ".

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